Contents with tag: aid effectiveness
From November 29 to December 1, 2011, the High Level Forum IV on Aid Effectiveness will be held in Busan, South Korea. Some 2,000 representatives of governments, multilateral organizations, civil society networks, parliaments, academics, private sector representatives and others will meet to take stock of the process of aid quality reform since 2003, and conclude the negotiations for a new agreement on the future of reform of development cooperation.
This primer reviews the history of ODA since World War II and identifies the major problems with the aid system. It reveals the yawning gap between aid rhetoric and aid practice. It also argues that current donor-led efforts to improve "aid effectiveness" fail to grapple with power asymmetries in aid relationships. The primer challenges the premises, priorities and the configuration of aid partnerships at present. It sketches an agenda for transforming the international aid architecture from one that serves the interests of elites in the North and South, to one that ensures the progressive realization of the human rights of the poor and the marginalized.
At the Rio Summit in 1992, the growing problem of climate change driven by anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions led to the signing of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Ratified by nearly 200 countries over the years, the treaty is fleshed out through its annual Conference of Parties (COP), with the Kyoto Protocol (KP) adopted at COP3 in 1997 as the most important so far.
Since the 1980s, multilateral development banks (MDBs), donor agencies, development finance institutions and governments have increasingly promoted private sector growth as the cornerstone of national development strategies. While there is little in depth and up to date analysis on the relationship between ODA and the private sector due to a lack or differences in reporting, the vast majority of bilateral and multilateral donors have considerably increased their focus and engagement with the private sector.